Аннотация

Postmodern Fairy Tales seeks to understand the fairy tale not as children's literature but within the broader context of folklore and literary studies. It focuses on the narrative strategies through which women are portrayed in four classic stories: «Snow White,» «Little Red Riding Hood,» «Beauty and the Beast,» and «Bluebeard.» Bacchilega traces the oral sources of each tale, offers a provocative interpretation of contemporary versions by Angela Carter, Robert Coover, Donald Barthelme, Margaret Atwood, and Tanith Lee, and explores the ways in which the tales are transformed in film, television, and musicals.

Аннотация

Nel solco degli studi sul «greco umanistico», che negli ultimi decenni hanno conosciuto un notevole e fervido sviluppo, il volume presenta il caso di una rara traduzione in greco classico della celebre orazione «Pro Archia poeta» di Cicerone. Com’è noto, a partire da Petrarca e per generazioni essa costituì un’ode alla bellezza e al giovamento procurati dall’arte e dalla poesia. Lo studio, oltre a proporre il testo, accompagnato da un’approfondita analisi linguistico-filologico-stilistica, mira a far luce sul contesto storico-letterario in cui operò l’autore, il polacco Mikołaj Z˙órawski (1595-1665). Figura poco nota del primo barocco sarmatico, fu non soltanto astrologo e medico, ma altresì appassionato traduttore di Cicerone all’Accademia di Cracovia. In the wake of the studies on Humanist Greek, which have recently known a lively development, the volume presents the case of a rare Greek translation of Cicero’s speech «Pro Archia poeta». As is known, starting from Petrarch and for generations the oration represented an ode to the beauty and the benefits deriving from art and poetry. The book provides the text, accompanied by an in-depth linguistic and stylistical analysis, and it also sheds light on the historical and literary background in which the author worked. The Pole Mikołaj Z˙órawski (1595-1665), an interesting though little known figure of the early Polish Baroque, was not only an astrologer and a physician, but also a passionate translator of Cicero at the Academy of Cracow.

Аннотация

During the archaic and classical periods, Greek ideas about the dead evolved in response to changing social and cultural conditions—most notably changes associated with the development of the polis, such as funerary legislation, and changes due to increased contacts with cultures of the ancient Near East. In <i>Restless Dead</i>, Sarah Iles Johnston presents and interprets these changes, using them to build a complex picture of the way in which the society of the dead reflected that of the living, expressing and defusing its tensions, reiterating its values and eventually becoming a source of significant power for those who knew how to control it. She draws on both well-known sources, such as Athenian tragedies, and newer texts, such as the Derveni Papyrus and a recently published <i>lex sacra</i> from Selinous.<br /><br />Topics of focus include the origin of the <i>goes</i> (the ritual practitioner who made interaction with the dead his specialty), the threat to the living presented by the ghosts of those who died dishonorably or prematurely, the development of Hecate into a mistress of ghosts and its connection to female rites of transition, and the complex nature of the Erinyes. <i>Restless Dead</i> culminates with a new reading of Aeschylus' <i>Oresteia</i> that emphasizes how Athenian myth and cult manipulated ideas about the dead to serve political and social ends.

Аннотация

In this new translation of Hesiod, Barry B. Powell gives an accessible, modern verse rendering of these vibrant texts, essential to an understanding of early Greek myth and society. With stunning color images that help bring to life the contents of the poems and notes that explicate complex passages, Powell&rsquo;s fresh renditions provide an exciting introduction to the culture of the ancient Greeks.<BR /><BR /> This is the definitive translation and guide for students and readers looking to experience the poetry of Hesiod, who ranks alongside Homer as an influential poet of Greek antiquity.

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The Saga of the Volsungs is an Icelandic epic of special interest to admirers of Richard Wagner, who drew heavily upon this Norse source in writing his Ring Cycle and a primary source for writers of fantasy such as J. R. R. Tolkien and romantics such as William Morris.A trove of traditional lore, it tells of love, jealousy, vengeance, war, and the mythic deeds of the dragonslayer, Sigurd the Volsung.Byock's comprehensive introduction explores the history, legends, and myths contained in the saga and traces the development of a narrative that reaches back to the period of the great folk migrations in Europe when the Roman Empire collapsed.

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Gentlemen and Amazons traces the nineteenth-century genesis and development of an important contemporary myth about human origins: that of an original prehistoric matriarchy. Cynthia Eller explores the intellectual history of the myth, which arose from male scholars who mostly wanted to vindicate the patriarchal family model as a higher stage of human development. Eller tells the stories these men told, analyzes the gendered assumptions they made, and provides the necessary context for understanding how feminists of the 1970s and 1980s embraced as historical «fact» a discredited nineteenth-century idea.

Аннотация

Even before Bram Stoker immortalized Transylvania as the homeland of his fictional Count Dracula, the figure of the vampire was inextricably tied to Eastern Europe in the popular imagination. Drawing on a wealth of heretofore neglected sources, this book offers a fascinating account of how vampires—whose various incarnations originally emerged from the folk traditions of societies throughout the world—became identified with such a specific region. It demonstrates that the modern conception of the vampire was born in the crucible of the Enlightenment, embodying a mysterious, Eastern “otherness” that stood opposed to Western rationality.

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Departing from an ethnographic collection in London, From Storeroom to Stage traces the journey of its artefacts back to the Romanian villages where they were made 70 years ago, and to other places where similar objects are still in use. The book explores the role that material culture plays in the production of value and meaning by examining how folk objects are mobilized in national ideologies, transmissions of personal and family memory, museological discourses, and artistic acts.

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Devil worship, black magic, and witchcraft have long captivated anthropologists as well as the general public. In this volume, Jean La Fontaine explores the intersection of expert and lay understandings of evil and the cultural forms that evil assumes. The chapters touch on public scares about devil-worship, misconceptions about human sacrifice and the use of body parts in healing practices, and mistaken accusations of children practicing witchcraft. Together, these cases demonstrate that comparison is a powerful method of cultural understanding, but warns of the dangers and mistaken conclusions that untrained ideas about other ways of life can lead to.

Аннотация

Inuit hunting traditions are rich in perceptions, practices and stories relating to animals and human beings. The authors examine key figures such as the raven, an animal that has a central place in Inuit culture as a creator and a trickster, and qupirruit , a category consisting of insects and other small life forms. After these non-social and inedible animals, they discuss the dog, the companion of the hunter, and the fellow hunter, the bear, considered to resemble a human being. A discussion of the renewal of whale hunting accompanies the chapters about animals considered ‘prey par excellence’: the caribou, the seals and the whale, symbol of the whole. By giving precedence to Inuit categories such as ‘inua’ (owner) and ‘tarniq’ (shade) over European concepts such as ‘spirit ‘and ‘soul’, the book compares and contrasts human beings and animals to provide a better understanding of human-animal relationships in a hunting society.