Аннотация

В докладе оцениваются проявления экономического кризиса 2014-2015 гг. в социальной сфере. Выполнен детальный анализ изменений реальных располагаемых денежных доходов и уровня бедности населения, изменений потребительского поведения. Исследованы реакции рынка труда на кризисные явления, в том числе в ненаблюдаемом сегменте экономики. Акцент сделан на рассмотрении ситуации на региональных рынках труда, а также изменении региональных систем социальной защиты при сокращении бюджетной обеспеченности. В работе анализируется изменение социального самочувствия российского населения через призму восприятия кризисных процессов, исследованы оценки ожиданий и изменение стратегий поведения на фоне сокращающихся доходов и растущей неопределенности. На фоне отсутствия оптимистичных прогнозов относительно начала и продолжительности периода восстановления остро ощущается недостаток аналитики в социальном измерении кризиса, столь необходимой для принятия взвешенных решений. Настоящий доклад способствует устранению этого пробела.

Аннотация

В докладе рассматриваются основные тренды развития образования в России и мире, а также предлагаются меры по решению накопившихся институциональных, управленческих, экономических и педагогических проблем российской системы образования.

Аннотация

Цель исследования состояла в выявлении и описании основных моделей поведения молодежных групп с разным уровнем профессионального образования на современном рынке труда, а также определении факторов, способствующих формированию соответствующих моделей поведения. В исследовании была использована методология, включающая количественные и качественные методы социологического анализа. Все участники исследования (молодые работники, работодатели, представители служб занятости), каждый со своей позиции, характеризуют проблему молодежной занятости не столько как проблему отсутствия вакансий для молодых, сколько как проблему отсутствия качественных вакансий, предполагающих постоянную занятость, приемлемый уровень оплаты труда, социальные гарантии. В этом смысле сопоставление численности безработной (незанятой) молодежи с числом вакансий, позволяющее делать оптимистические выводы, непродуктивно с точки зрения достижения целей социальной стабильности и развития человеческого капитала. Уверенность в сохранении имеющегося рабочего места и будущей занятости молодежи в привлекательных сегментах рынка труда повышается в зависимости от факторов различной природы: уровня и качества профессионального образования, востребованности специалистов определенного профиля, социального капитала, интерпретируемого в качестве полезных связей. Максимальная концентрация ресурсов, обеспечивающих стабильную занятость, распространяется всего на 3,7 % респондентов. Большинство же располагают одним (45,7 %) или двумя (23,5 %) ресурсами, при этом около четверти представителей молодежи не имеют ни одного ресурса и, таким образом, находятся в зоне риска.

Аннотация

«…Идея этой работы пришла автору после того, как был замечен один любопытный факт. Весьма широкий набор исследований по практически полному спектру общественных наук с использованием непохожих друг на друга методологий…»

Аннотация

The Posthuman offers both an introduction and major contribution to contemporary debates on the posthuman. Digital 'second life', genetically modified food, advanced prosthetics, robotics and reproductive technologies are familiar facets of our globally linked and technologically mediated societies. This has blurred the traditional distinction between the human and its others, exposing the non-naturalistic structure of the human. The Posthuman starts by exploring the extent to which a post-humanist move displaces the traditional humanistic unity of the subject. Rather than perceiving this situation as a loss of cognitive and moral self-mastery, Braidotti argues that the posthuman helps us make sense of our flexible and multiple identities. Braidotti then analyzes the escalating effects of post-anthropocentric thought, which encompass not only other species, but also the sustainability of our planet as a whole. Because contemporary market economies profit from the control and commodification of all that lives, they result in hybridization, erasing categorical distinctions between the human and other species, seeds, plants, animals and bacteria. These dislocations induced by globalized cultures and economies enable a critique of anthropocentrism, but how reliable are they as indicators of a sustainable future? The Posthuman concludes by considering the implications of these shifts for the institutional practice of the humanities. Braidotti outlines new forms of cosmopolitan neo-humanism that emerge from the spectrum of post-colonial and race studies, as well as gender analysis and environmentalism. The challenge of the posthuman condition consists in seizing the opportunities for new social bonding and community building, while pursuing sustainability and empowerment.

Аннотация

A Companion to Paleopathology offers a comprehensive overview of this rapidly growing sub- field of physical anthropology. Presents a broad overview of the field of paleopathology, integrating theoretical and methodological approaches to understand biological and disease processes throughout human history Demonstrates how paleopathology sheds light on the past through the analysis of human and non-human skeletal materials, mummified remains and preserved tissue Integrates scientific advances in multiple fields that contribute to the understanding of ancient and historic diseases, such as epidemiology, histology, radiology, parasitology, dentistry, and molecular biology, as well as archaeological, archival and historical research. Highlights cultural processes that have an impact on the evolution of illness, death and dying in human populations, including subsistence strategies, human environmental adaptations, the effects of malnutrition, differential access to resources, and interpersonal and intercultural violence

Аннотация

Most of the intriguing social phenomena of our time, such as international terrorism, social inequality, and urban ethnic segregation, are consequences of complex forms of agent interaction that are difficult to observe methodically and experimentally. This book looks at a new research stream that makes use of advanced computer simulation modelling techniques to spotlight agent interaction that allows us to explain the emergence of social patterns. It presents a method to pursue analytical sociology investigations that look at relevant social mechanisms in various empirical situations, such as markets, urban cities, and organisations. This book: Provides a comprehensive introduction to epistemological, theoretical and methodological features of agent-based modelling in sociology through various discussions and examples. Presents the pros and cons of using agent-based models in sociology. Explores agent-based models in combining quantitative and qualitative aspects, and micro- and macro levels of analysis. Looks at how to pose an agent-based research question, identifying the model building blocks, and how to validate simulation results. Features examples of agent-based models that look at crucial sociology issues. Supported by an accompanying website featuring data sets and code for the models included in the book. Agent-Based Computational Sociology is written in a common sociological language and features examples of models that look at all the traditional explanatory challenges of sociology. Researchers and graduate students involved in the field of agent-based modelling and computer simulation in areas such as social sciences, cognitive sciences and computer sciences will benefit from this book.

Аннотация

The third edition of Jill Steans’ popular and highly respected text offers a comprehensive and up to date introduction to gender in international relations today. Its nine chapters have been fully revised and expanded to cover key issues, developments and debates in the field including: the state and citizenship gender, sexuality and human rights conflict, peace and security narratives and representational practices in international politics global political economy development and gender in global governance Guiding students competently through complex theoretical and conceptual issues, the book is careful to ground its discussions in contemporary concerns, such as the War on Terror and its legacy, the ‘securitisation’ of human rights, the Arab Spring, the global financial crisis, contemporary challenges to global institutions, and ethical dilemmas that arise in negotiating gender issues and politics in a culturally diverse world. Each chapter features questions for reflection, seminar activities, further reading and web links to highlight key points and provide contemporary illustrations. A glossary of key terms is also included for easy reference. Gender and International Relations will be essential reading for students and scholars of gender, international relations, global politics and related courses.

Аннотация

A Companion to Cultural Resource Management is an essential guide to those wishing to gain a deeper understanding of CRM and heritage management. Expert contributors share their knowledge and illustrate CRM's practice and scope, as well as the core issues and realities in preserving cultural heritages worldwide. Edited by one of the world's leading experts in the field of cultural resource management, with contributions by a wide range of experts, including archaeologists, architectural historians, museum curators, historians, and representatives of affected groups Offers a broad view of cultural resource management that includes archaeological sites, cultural landscapes, historic structures, shipwrecks, scientific and technological sites and objects, as well as intangible resources such as language, religion, and cultural values Highlights the realities that face CRM practitioners «on the ground»

Аннотация

A comprehensive introduction to the field, with contributions from leading experts that illuminate the focus and purpose of social work. New edition of THE leading social work textbook for undergraduates Provides comprehensive coverage of all subject areas relevant to a career in social work Covers the reasons for social work, the application of knowledge to practice, the practice context, and its psychosocial framework Gives detailed coverage of the perspectives of service users, carers and the Disabled People’s Movement The book brings together material on children and families side-by-side with detailed accounts of work with adult service users Each chapter lists five key points, three questions for discussion, and three recommendations for further reading