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The War of the Worlds is a science fiction novel by English author H. G. Wells, first serialized in 1897 by Pearson's Magazine in the UK and by Cosmopolitan magazine in the US. The novel's first appearance in hardcover was in 1898 from publisher William Heinemann of London. Written between 1895 and 1897,it is one of the earliest stories to detail a conflict between mankind and an extraterrestrial race.The novel is the first-person narrative of both an unnamed protagonist in Surrey and of his younger brother in London as southern England is invaded by Martians. The novel is one of the most commented-on works in the science fiction canon. Wells trained as a science teacher during the latter half of the 1880s. One of his teachers was T. H. Huxley, famous as a major advocate of Darwinism. The scientific fascinations of the novel are established in the opening chapter where the narrator views Mars through a telescope, and Wells offers the image of the superior Martians having observed human affairs, as though watching tiny organisms through a microscope. Ironically it is microscopic Earth lifeforms that finally prove deadly to the Martian invasion force. In 1894 a French astronomer observed a 'strange light' on Mars, and published his findings in the scientific journal Nature on the second of August that year. Wells used this observation to open the novel, imagining these lights to be the launching of the Martian cylinders toward Earth. American astronomer Percival Lowell published the book Mars in 1895 suggesting features of the planet's surface observed through telescopes might be canals. He speculated that these might be irrigation channels constructed by a sentient life form to support existence on an arid, dying world, similar to that which Wells suggests the Martians have left behind. The novel also presents ideas related to Charles Darwin's theory of natural selection, both in specific ideas discussed by the narrator, and themes explored by the story. Among the most significant works H. G. Wells: The Outline of History, The Country of the Blind, The Red Room, The Time Machine, The Invisible Man, The War of the Worlds, The Island of Doctor Moreau, The First Men in the Moon, The Shape of Things to Come, When the Sleeper Wakes.

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The Time Machine is a science fiction novella by H. G. Wells, published in 1895 and written as a frame narrative. One of the most renowned works of science fiction, The Time Machine reflects on the adventures of The Time Traveller-a man who constructs a machine which allows him to explore what the future has to offer. As he travels to as far as 802,701 AD, The Time Traveller encounters a world dominated by two types of creatures- beautiful and fragile Eloi and repulsive and brutal Morlocks. His journey then turns quickly from a series of observations into a dangerous quest to return back home, as he realizes that Morlocks have stolen his machine. A dystopian novel that fascinates the readers from the very beginning, The Time Machine both reflects Wells’s sceptical outlook on the future of the Late Victorian England and makes the reader meditate on the future of our civilization. Famous works of the author Herbert Wells: «The Time Machine», «The War of the Worlds», «The War in the Air», «The Island of Dr. Moreau», «The Complete Science Fiction Treasury of H.G. Wells», «The Invisible Man», «When the Sleeper Wakes», «The First Men in the Moon», «The Food of the Gods», «The Magic Shop».

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Out for a walk in London one day, Gip and his father happen upon a magic shop. At Gip's urging, the two go in – and things grow more and more curious by the minute. Counters, store fixtures, and mirrors seem to move around the room, and the shopkeeper is most mysterious of all. Gip is thrilled by all he sees, and his father is at first amused, but when things become stranger and sinister father is no longer sure where reality ends and illusion begins. Famous works of the author Herbert Wells: «The Time Machine», «The War of the Worlds», «The War in the Air», «The Island of Dr. Moreau», «The Complete Science Fiction Treasury of H.G. Wells», «The Invisible Man», «When the Sleeper Wakes», «The First Men in the Moon», «The Food of the Gods», «The Magic Shop».

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The Island of Doctor Moreau is an 1896 science fiction novel by English author H. G. Wells. The text of the novel is the narration of Edward Prendick, a shipwrecked man rescued by a passing boat who is left on the island home of Doctor Moreau, a mad scientist who creates human-like hybrid beings from animals via vivisection. The novel deals with a number of philosophical themes, including pain and cruelty, moral responsibility, human identity, and human interference with nature. Wells described it as «an exercise in youthful blasphemy.» The Island of Doctor Moreau is a classic of early science fiction and remains one of Wells' best-known books. The novel is the earliest depiction of the science fiction motif «uplift» in which a more advanced race intervenes in the evolution of an animal species to bring the latter to a higher level of intelligence. It has been adapted to film and other media on many occasions, with Charles Laughton (1933), Burt Lancaster (1977), and Marlon Brando (1996) as the mad doctor. The Island of Doctor Moreau is the account of Edward Prendick, an Englishman with a scientific education who survives a shipwreck in the southern Pacific Ocean. A passing ship called Ipecacuanha takes him aboard, and a man named Montgomery revives him. Prendick also meets a grotesque bestial native named M'ling, who appears to be Montgomery's manservant. The ship is transporting a number of animals which belong to Montgomery. As they approach the island, Montgomery's destination, the captain demands Prendick leave the ship with Montgomery. Montgomery explains that he will not be able to host Prendick on the island. Despite this, the captain leaves Prendick in a dinghy and sails away. Seeing that the captain has abandoned Prendick, Montgomery takes pity and rescues him. As ships rarely pass the island, Prendick will be housed in an outer room of an enclosed compound. Famous works of the author Herbert Wells: «The Time Machine», «The War of the Worlds», «The War in the Air», «The Island of Dr. Moreau», «The Complete Science Fiction Treasury of H.G. Wells», «The Invisible Man», «When the Sleeper Wakes», «The First Men in the Moon», «The Food of the Gods», «The Magic Shop».

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The Invisible Man is a science fiction novel by H. G. Wells. Originally serialized in Pearson's Weekly in 1897, it was published as a novel the same year. The Invisible Man of the title is Griffin, a scientist who has devoted himself to research into optics and invents a way to change a body's refractive index to that of air so that it neither absorbs nor reflects light and thus becomes invisible. He successfully carries out this procedure on himself, but fails in his attempt to reverse it. An enthusiast of random and irresponsible violence, Griffin has become an iconic character in horror fiction. A mysterious man, Griffin, arrives at the local inn owned by Mr. and Mrs. Hall of the English village of Iping, West Sussex, during a snowstorm. The stranger wears a long-sleeved, thick coat and gloves; his face is hidden entirely by bandages except for a fake pink nose; and he wears a wide-brimmed hat. He is excessively reclusive, irascible, unfriendly, and an introvert. He demands to be left alone and spends most of his time in his rooms working with a set of chemicals and laboratory apparatus, only venturing out at night. While Griffin is staying at the inn, hundreds of strange glass bottles (that he calls his luggage) arrive. Many local townspeople believe this to be very odd. He becomes the talk of the village with many theorizing as to his origins. While its predecessors, The Time Machine and The Island of Doctor Moreau, were written using first-person narrators, Wells adopts a third-person objective point of view in The Invisible Man. Famous works of the author Herbert Wells: «The Time Machine», «The War of the Worlds», «The War in the Air», «The Island of Dr. Moreau», «The Complete Science Fiction Treasury of H.G. Wells», «The Invisible Man», «When the Sleeper Wakes», «The First Men in the Moon», «The Food of the Gods», «The Magic Shop».

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Герберт Уэллс (1866–1946) – английский писатель и публицист, классик научно-фантастической литературы. Рассказы Уэллса, сочетая в себе фантастику и реальность, выражают обеспокоенность автора будущим человечества в эпоху стремительного научно-технического прогресса. В сборник входят рассказы и статьи разных лет.

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Герберт Уэллс был одним из первых писателей, посетивших Советскую Россию. В 1920 году по приглашению Каменева он совершил поездку в Петроград и Москву и провел там пятнадцать дней. Впечатления о жизни в стране, еще не оправившейся после гражданской войны, он описал в книге «Россия во мгле». Непредвзятый взгляд со стороны на власть большевиков вызвал бурную реакцию на Западе и спровоцировал полемику с Черчиллем, обвинившим Уэллса в «недостаточной основательности».