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Книга знакомит читателей с результатами исследований, проведенных с помощью модели, базовые принципы которой позволяют уточнить и углубить некоторые теории и положения квантовой физики. Рассмотрены структурные построения электронов, протонов, нейтронов, как квантовых объектов, показан механизм образования глюонов кварками, находящимися внутри протонов и нейтронов при их движении. Раскрыта глубинная суть цветовых зарядов и показан механизм взаимодействия частиц, обладающих цветовыми зарядами.Часть текста была ранее опубликована в книге «Силовые нити пространства призрак или реальность».

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Discover a comprehensive exploration of recent developments and fundamental concepts in the applications of metasurfaces. In Electromagnetic Metasurfaces: Theory and Applications , distinguished researchers and authors Karim Achouri and Christophe Caloz deliver an introduction to the fundamentals and applications of metasurfaces and an insightful analysis of recent and future developments in the field. The book describes the precursors and history of metasurfaces before continuing on to an exploration of the physical insights that can be gleaned from the material parameters of the metasurface. You’ll learn how to compute the fields scattered by a metasurface with known material parameters being illuminated by an arbitrary incident field, as well as how to realize a practical metasurface and relate its material parameters to its physical structures. The authors provide examples to illustrate all the concepts discussed in the book to improve and simplify reader understanding. Electromagnetic Metasurfaces concludes with an incisive discussion of the likely future directions and research opportunities in the field. Readers will also benefit from the inclusion of: A thorough introduction to metamaterials, the concept of metasurfaces, and metasurface precursors An exploration of electromagnetic modeling and theory, including metasurfaces as zero-thickness sheets and bianisotropic susceptibility tensors A practical discussion of susceptibility synthesis, including four-parameters synthesis, more than four-parameters synthesis, and the addition of susceptibility components A concise treatment of scattered-field analysis, including approximate analytical methods, and finite-difference frequency-domain techniques Perfect for researchers in metamaterial sciences and engineers working with microwave, THz, and optical technologies, Electromagnetic Metasurfaces: Theory and Applications will also earn a place in the libraries of graduate and undergraduate students in physics and electrical engineering.

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Kvantemekanikken er en fantastisk og forunderlig teori. Den blev formuleret i 1920'erne og beskrev universets mindste byggesten som paradoksale og uforudsigelige: Elektroner kan tilsyneladende vAere flere steder pa en gang, og malinger pa dem giver altid tilfAeldige resultater. Den nye teori blev en enorm succes, men fortolkningen af den splittede samtidig tidens storste videnskabsmAend, sAerligt Niels Bohr og Albert Einstein.Denne bog gennemgar kvantemekanikkens og fysikkens udvikling i det 20. arhundrede – og giver indblik i de nyeste opdagelser af, hvordan den atomare verden fungerer. Kvantemekanikken er i dag fundamentet for vores forstaelse af den mikroskopiske verden, og forskere forsoger nu at udnytte teoriens sAerheder i revolutionerende teknologier – fx i kvantecomputere, der kan udfore beregninger, det ville tage almindelige computere milliarder af ar at lose.